Saturday, June 8, 2013

Fabini, Eduardo

Eduardo Fabini(1882-1950), Uruguayan composer and violinist, studied at the Royal Conservatory in Brussels, receiving prize for his violin playing. He returned to Uruguay in 1907, his tone poem "Campo" gained great success performed under Richard Strauss. His compositions include orchestral concert music, 2 ballets, pieces for guitar and violin.

Fack, Andreas

Andreas Fack(1863-1931), German poet, composer and teacher. He was a teacher from 1885 to 1924 in the  "Rhon-town"(Katlennordheim). He wrote a poem and composed the song "Rhon-song"(Rhonlieds). A school in Kaltennorfheim is named after him.

Failde, Miguel

Miguel Failde(1852-1921), Cuban musician and bandleader. He was official originator of the danzon, and the founder of the Orchestra Failde. He was first taught music by his father, later he learnt from a French tutor. His orchestra was highly successful.

Fajer, Francisco Javier Garcia

Francisco Javier Garcia Fajer(1730-1809), Spanish composer of Italianate galante school. He moved to Italy and studied there. He returned home as maestro de capilla of la Seo in Zaragoza 1756 till his death in 1809.  Fajer was out of favor for many years in Spain due to his promotion of Italianate musical idiom, however in recent years he has been rehabilitated  and taken on his own merit as a galante composer.

Fall, Leopold

Leopold Fall(1873-1925), Austrian composer and conductor, studied at the Vienna Conservatory, played and directed theater orchestra and wrote stage music in Berlin, returned to Vienna and his operettas gained success. He composed 3 operas, 20 operettas, waltzes, songs and overtures.

Falla, Manuel de

Manuel de Falla(1876-1946), Spanish composer, his mother gave fim first music lesson, then studied with private teachers, later studied in Madrid. During studying in the conservatory, he won the first prize, subsequently pursued zarzuela composition with great success. He composed operas, zarzuelas, ballet music etc. His most popular work is ballet "Three Corner Hats".

Fallon, Diego

Diego Fallon(1834-1905), Colombian poet and musician, went to London to study, discovering the poetry cultivated music as a performer of the violin, piano and guitar. His private life was far from that image fastuosa: led a quiet life of a teacher and gave private lessons in music.

Farkas, Ferenc

Ferenc Farkas(1904-2000), Hungarian composer, studied at the Budapest Academy of Music, later studied at the Academia di Santa Cecilia in Rome, returned to Hungary to teach and conduct, he was appointed professor at the Franz Liszt Academy in Budapest. He composed over 700 works in a wide variety of genres.

Faure, Gabriel

Gabriel Faure(1845-1924), French composer, studied at the Ecole Niedermeyer in Paris, served as organist in Germany and France, professor at the Paris Conservatory and Ecole Niedemeyer, later appointed the director of the Paris Conservatory. In 1909 he became the first president of the Sciete musicale independende. He compsed 1 opera(Penelope), piano pieces(13 nocturnes, 13 barcarolles, 5 impromptus, 4 valse-caprices), string quartets, and songs.

Feldman, Ludovic

Ludovic Feldman(1893-1987), Romanian composer, he studied at the Bucharest Conservatory and also at the Akademie fur Musik und darstellende Kunst. He was concertmasters at Zagreb Opera and Philharmonic Orchestra of Bucharest. He composed 5 symphonic pieces, symphonic variations, a flute concerto and piano concerto.

Felipe, Julian

Julian Felipe(1861-1944), Philipino composer and a dedicated music teacher, he was appointed as director of the National Band of the First Philippine Republic. He composed the national anthem of Philippines.

Fenaroli, Fedele

Fedele Fenaroli(1730-1818), Italian composer, studied in Naples and then taught there. Amongst his students were Zingarelli, Cimarosa and Mercadante. He composed operas and oratorios. He undertook the task of putting his teaching method into six volumes.

Fenman, Mithal

Mithat Fenman(1916-1982), Turkish composer and pianist, studied at the Istanbul Municipal Conservatory, then continued to study in Paris and Germany, toured Europe as pianist, returned to Turkey and taught at Ankara State Conservatory, later served as director there.

Ferencsik, Janos

Janos Ferencsik(1907-1984), Hungarian conductor, studied conducting at the Budapest Conservatory, joined and conducted Budapest State Opera, later conducted Hungarian State Symphony, Vienna State opera, also conducted in Japan, US and Australia. He was a friend of Hungarian composers Laszlo Lajtha, Bartok, and Koldaly and was known for his interpretations of their works and recordings.

Fernandez, Emiliano R.

Emiliano R. Fernandez (1894-1949), Paraguayan poet and composer of songs, he wrote first his poems which he would recite or sing with his guitar, he wrote other popular songs.

Fernandez, Oscar Lorenzo

Oscar Lorenzo Fernandez(1897-1949), Brazilian composer, studied at the Instituo nacional de Musica, he founded the Conservatorio Braziliero de Musica in Rio de Janeiro, which he directed until his death. He composed opera, ballet music, 2 symphonies and others. His Malazarte(1933) may be considered the first successful Brazilian national opera. He was the composer in Brazil next to Hector Villa-Lobos.

Fernic, Ionel

Ionel Fernic(1901-1938), Romanian composer and writer, he entered the National University of Music, Bucharest. He wrote over 400 romances and songs. Many of his songs were local hits for that time.

Ferrier, Kathleen

Kathleen Ferrier(1912-1953), English contralto who achieved an international reputation as a stage, concert and recording artist. She was espacially known in Britain for her unaccompanied recording of the Northumbrian folk tune "Blow the Wind Southerly", which was played regularly on BBC Radio for many years after her death.

Fibich, Zdenek

Zdenek Fibich(1859-1900), Czech composer, studied in Vienna, Prague and at the Kolesovsky's music school, also in Leipzig and Paris. In 1871 he became a choral director in Vilnius; 1875-78 he was assistant conductor and chorusmaster at the Provincial Theater. He composed 7 operas, 3 symphonies, symphonic poems, and chamber music.

Fiedler, Arthur

Arthur Fiedler (1894-1979), American conductor, studied violin with his father, then farther studied at the Royal Academy in Berlin. He joined Boston symphony, founding and conducting the Boston Sinfoniatta, and conductor of the Boston Pops.

Field, John

John Field (1782-1837), Irish composer and pianist, studied with local teachers first, then his family moved to London, he studied with Clementi, toured Europe and Russia as pianist. He lived much of 1807-12, and all of 1821-31 in Moscow. His playing had become legendary in western Europe. He composed mainly piano music: 7 piano concertos, dances, etudes etc.

Figueredo, Perucho Pelipe

Perucho Felipe Figueredo(1818-1870), Cuban poet, musician and freedom fighter. In the 1860's he was active in the planning of the Cuban uprising against the Spanish known as the "Ten Years" War. He composed the national anthem of Cuba.
La Bayamesa-national anthem of Cuba

Filiberto, Juan de Dios

Juan de Dios Filiberto(1885-1964), Argentine violinist, composer and conductor who became prominent in the Argentine tango. He started to study music at the local conservatory, then entered the National Conservatory, he created and organized several orchestras, served as directors.

Firfov, Zivko

Zivko Firfov(1906-1984), Macedonian composer and musicologist, he began his music education in Velse, later studied at the Academy in Belgrade. He taught at the Institute in Zemun and played violin for the City Philharmonic. He was active in promoting Macedonian folklore music in various ways, through participating in numerous ethnomusicological conferences, folklore congresses and folklore festivals in the Republic of Macedonia and abroad.

Flagstad, Kirsten

Kirsten Flagstad (1895-1962), Norwegian soprano, studied voice from her mother, then studied at Stockholm, made her debut at the Oslo Opera in 1913, toured France, Finland, Bayreuth, London, and NY Met, served as director of the Oslo Opera, 1958-1960. She was widely regarded as the foremost Wagnerian soprano of her generation.

Fletchenmacher, Alexander

Alexander Flechtenmacher(1823-1898), Romanian composer, violinist, conductor and teacher, he was director of the National University of Music in Bucharest. He composed the first Romanian opera "Baba hag" in 1848, he also composed operettas.

Flesch, Carl

Carl Flesch(1873-1944), Hungarian violinist and teacher, he studied violin in Vienna and Paris, later taught at the Paris Conservatory, he also taught at Bucharest, Amsterdam, Philadelphia and Berlin High School for Music. He published a number of instructional books in which he advocated the concept of the violinist as an artist.

Fleta, Miguel

Miguel Fleta (1897-1938), Spanish tenor, he was one of the most significant Iberian opera singers of the 20th century. He premiered the role of Calaf in Puccini's opera Turandot under Toscanini's baton.The most notable aspect of his performance style was the technical dexterity of his bel canto technique enabling him to produce the most spectacular messa di voce and pianissimo.

Flores, Jose Asuncion

Jose Asuncion Flores (1904-1972), Paraguayan composer and creator of the Guarania music genre. During his early age, he joined the marching band and learned to compose. From the Paraguayan song, he managed to create a new Genre, which he called "Guarania", he moved to Argentina and lived there until his death. His song "India" was declared by the Paraguayan government as a national song.

Florez, Juan Diego

Juan Diego Florez (1973 - ), Peruvian operatic tenor, particularly known for his roles in bel canto operas, he studied at Curtis Institute, and also at Music Academy of the West at Santa Barbara, his professional debut in 1996 at the Rossini Festival, then he sang at La Scala, Vienna and New York.

Foerster, Joseph Bohuslav

Josepf Bohuslav Foerster(1859-1954), Czech composer, studied at the Prague Conservatory, moved to Germany, taught at the Hamburg Conservatory, returning to Czechoslavakia and taught there. He composed 5 symphonies, violin and cello concertos, and orchestral music.

Fokine, Mikhail

Mikhail Fokine(1880-1942), Russian choreographer and dancer, entered the St. Petersburg Imperial Ballet School, made his debut at the Imperial Mariinsky Theater in "Paquita", he became the teacher at the Ballet School. Fokine inspired to move beyond etertypical ballet traditions. He staged more than 70 ballets in Europe and US.
* The pictures of stamps are: Fokine, and Ballets-Scheherazade, The Firebird, Petrouchka

Folescu, George

George Folescu(1884-1939), Romanian operatic tenor, studied at the Bucharest Conservatory. Considered to be one of the founders of opera in Romania, he became professor at the Conservatory in Bucharest.

Fonseca, Julio

Julio Fonseca(1885-1950), Costa Rican composer, studied at the Lyceum of the Arts and the Royal Conservatory in Milan; also studied in Brussels. Returning to Costa Rica in 1906, he pursed conducting and teaching, taught at the National Conservatory; founded the Academia Euterpe in 1914. He composed orchestral and piano music, he also active in collecting and studying folk music.

Fontaine, Edmond de la

Edmond de la Fontaine (1823-1891), Luxembourgian jurist, poet, lyricist and composer of songs and operettas. He is considered the national poet of Luxembourg, and one of the most important figures in Luxembourgian literature. Two of his songs have been listed as "Opde Juocht" and "D'lelzeburger Land".

Fonteyn, Dame Margot

Dame Margot Fonteyn (1919-1991), British ballerina, she is widely regarded as one of the greatest classical ballet dancers of all time. She spent her entire career as a dancer with the Royal Ballet of London, eventually being appointed for many years Prima ballerina Assoluta of the Company. In 1934 she joined the Sadler's Wells Ballet School, and in the same year she made her debut as a soloist. She became prima ballerina of the Vic-Wells Ballet in 1935, she gained a reputation for expressive acting and versatility. She was made a Dame of the British Empire in 1956.

Forrester, Maureen

Maureen Forrester (1930- ), Canadian operatic contralto, she took voice lessons from private teachers in Toronto, she made her operatic debut in Montreal in 1953, and Paris debut in 1955. She became widely known in 1957 after a performance of Mahler's 2nd symphony in New York. She sang in Toronto, New York and San Francisco. Later she taught at the Philadelphia Academy of Music and University of Toronto.

Foster, Stephen Collins

Stephen Collins Foster (1826-1864), American composer of songs, he was largely self-taught in music, he published his first song in 1844. After publishing "Oh! Susanna", and "Uncle Ned" in 1844, he became a full-time song-writer. He composed mainly songs, such as "My Old Kentucky Home", Old Black Joe", Beautiful Dreamer" ... etc In 1853 he moved to New York and publishing his music. By the end of 19th century, he had achieved legendary status as America's best-loved songwriter.

Franck, Cesar

Cesar Franck (1822-1890), Belgian composer, studied at the Liege Conservatory, then at the Paris Conservatory, appointed as organist, professor at the Paris Conservatory, the president of the Scietie nationale de musique of France. He composed 4 symphonic poems, symphonic variations, piano music, violin sonata etc.

Frederick II of Prussia

Frederick the Great, King of Prussia(1740-1786) from the Hohenzollen Dynasty. Frederick, born in Berlin, was a gifted musician who played the transverse flute. He composed about 100 sonatas for flute as well as four symphonies and march music. His court musicians included C. P. E. Bach, Johann Quantz, and Franz Benda.

Freire, Osman Perez

Osman Perez Freire (1880-1930), Chilean composer and pianist, he emigrated  to Argentina in 1891, settled in Buenos Aires,  composed music, and was the president of the Argentine Society of Authors and Composers, returned to Chile in 1908. He led his orchestra delivering concerts in Spain. He composed songs, "Ay, Ay, Ay", "The Apron from China" etc.